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How to Plant Aloe Vera In Pot

Aloe vera L. Webb or what we know with aloe vera is a medicinal plant that is quite familiar with the characteristics of its leaves which are rather spiky in the form of spurs, thick and spiny edges. This secular plant from Africa has long been developed as a medicine hundreds of years ago. This is not separated because of the variety of benefits contained in it. Where besides functioning to beautify your garden, this aloe vera plant also has various benefits for health and for beauty.
As the public's understanding of the benefits of aloe vera increases, demand is increasing. This makes the prospect of cultural tongue cultivation increasingly profitable. In addition to easy maintenance, market demand continues to increase both domestic demand and export demand, it is not surprising that now many farmers are interested in cultivating this aloe vera plant. There are several types of aloe vera plants that are cultivated because they have high commercial value, which include Aloe ferox from Africa, Aloe Barbandensis from America and Aloe Sinensis from China. Of the three types of aloe vera ALoe Barbandensis has the best quality of cultivation, with a larger size and has resistance to pests and diseases.
Aloe Vera Planting Techniques in a Media Pot
The technique of planting aloe vera with pots or polybags is almost the same as how to plant potted plants in general, which among others can be done with the following steps:
1. Planting Preparation
At this initial stage there are a number of things you must prepare, including:
• Pots or polybags
The selection of pots is one of the determinants of plant growth. To make plants grow optimally, large pots are very helpful, but too large a pot is also less efficient. For that, choose a medium-sized pot, with a diameter of around 20 cm to minimize costs and space.

Growing media
Planting media is a place to grow plants, so the planting media must be considered with the right composition so that plant growth is not inhibited. For aloe vera media, the planting media that you must prepare is sand, soil and manure with a ratio of 2: 1: 1.

• Nurseries
After the pot and planting media are ready, the next is the nursery. The process of breeding aloe vera plants is done in a vegetative manner, namely by taking saplings attached to the parent plant. To get it, you have to take the aloe vera plant to its root. Next, plant aloe vera seeds in the planting media that you have provided. To avoid cropping or decay, the depth of the planting medium must be considered, not to be too deep or too shallow. For that the depth of the planting hole should be around 10 cm.

2. Care
This treatment process starts after you plant. For the treatment of aloe vera plants is quite easy, namely by paying attention to the following things:
Sprinkling
After you plant the aloe vera seeds, give a pause a few days before you do the watering because it will have an impact on the risk of root decay. After a few days, you can start watering regularly, especially in the summer to accelerate growth.
• Fertilization
Fertilization can begin at the age of planting around 3-4 months and after the first harvest period. The purpose of this fertilizer is to meet the need for potassium and nitrogen elements to form chlorophyll or green leaf substances, form plant tissues and stimulate the growth and development of plant roots. Fertilizers that can be used are a combination of urea, TSP and KCL with a composition ratio of 1: 1: ½. In addition to chemical fertilizers, you can also provide compost and pupk pens from cow dung to improve the structure of the planting media.
• Embedding and tearing
The planting or raising of planting media is done to strengthen the plants, this step can be done when the plants are 3 months old. While tearing or separation of seedlings from the parent can be done when the planting period is 5-6 months old. The separation of these plants aims to maintain the growth of broodstock plants.
• Control of pests and diseases
The advantages of planting pots or polybags are the lack of weed attacks and diseases. For aloe vera plants that are held in pots or polybags, the most disturbing is caterpillar, whereas diseases that can attack the aloe vera plant are fusarium sp which is the decay of the base of the stem and base of the leaf. To be able to avoid these two problems you can spray insecticides and functions to avoid caterpillar attacks and avoid fusarium sp. And the first harvest can be done after the 8-12 month Aloe vera plant, and then harvesting can be done

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